Archive for the ‘Danışmanlık’ Category

Do You Feel Confident About Your English Pronunciation? Try this.

When I was just a freshman in university, my public speaking teacher brought this to the class. It was quite hard at that time, actually as a second thought, it still is 🙂 It is a very funny poem by Gerard Nolst Trenité about English pronunciation and irregularities.  This is a very long one, so just go as far as you can. After fifteen stanzas or so, you just cannot pronounce even the easiest words… Do you want to try and share your comments with me? Looking forward to them 🙂

Gerard Nolst Trenité – The Chaos (1922)

Dearest creature in creation
Studying English pronunciation,
   I will teach you in my verse
   Sounds like corpsecorpshorse and worse.

I will keep you, Susybusy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy;
   Tear in eye, your dress you’ll tear;
   Queer, fair seerhear my prayer.

Pray, console your loving poet,
Make my coat look new, dear, sew it!
   Just compare hearthear and heard,
   Dies and dietlord and word.

Sword and swardretain and Britain
(Mind the latter how it’s written).
   Made has not the sound of bade,
   Saysaidpaypaidlaid but plaid.

Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as vague and ague,
   But be careful how you speak,
   Say: gush, bush, steak, streak, break, bleak ,

Previous, precious, fuchsia, via
Recipe, pipe, studding-sail, choir;
   Wovenovenhow and low,
   Scriptreceiptshoepoemtoe.

Say, expecting fraud and trickery:
Daughterlaughter and Terpsichore,
   Branch, ranch, measlestopsailsaisles,
   Missilessimilesreviles.

Whollyhollysignalsigning,
Sameexamining, but mining,
   Scholarvicar, and cigar,
   Solarmicawar and far.

From “desire”: desirableadmirable from “admire”,
Lumberplumberbier, but brier,
   Topshambroughamrenown, but known,
   Knowledgedonelonegonenonetone,

OneanemoneBalmoral,
Kitchenlichenlaundrylaurel.
   GertrudeGermanwind and wind,
   Beau, kind, kindred, queuemankind,

Tortoiseturquoisechamois-leather,
Reading, Readingheathenheather.
   This phonetic labyrinth
   Gives mossgrossbrookbroochninthplinth.

Have you ever yet endeavoured
To pronounce revered and severed,
   Demon, lemon, ghoul, foul, soul,
   Peter, petrol and patrol?

Billet does not end like ballet;
Bouquetwalletmalletchalet.
   Blood and flood are not like food,
   Nor is mould like should and would.

Banquet is not nearly parquet,
Which exactly rhymes with khaki.
   Discountviscountload and broad,
   Toward, to forward, to reward,

Ricocheted and crochetingcroquet?
Right! Your pronunciation’s OK.
   Roundedwoundedgrieve and sieve,
   Friend and fiendalive and live.

Is your r correct in higher?
Keats asserts it rhymes Thalia.
   Hugh, but hug, and hood, but hoot,
   Buoyantminute, but minute.

Say abscission with precision,
Now: position and transition;
   Would it tally with my rhyme
   If I mentioned paradigm?

Twopence, threepence, tease are easy,
But cease, crease, grease and greasy?
   Cornice, nice, valise, revise,
   Rabies, but lullabies.

Of such puzzling words as nauseous,
Rhyming well with cautious, tortious,
   You’ll envelop lists, I hope,
   In a linen envelope.

Would you like some more? You’ll have it!
Affidavit, David, davit.
   To abjure, to perjureSheik
   Does not sound like Czech but ache.

Libertylibraryheave and heaven,
Rachellochmoustacheeleven.
   We say hallowed, but allowed,
   Peopleleopardtowed but vowed.

Mark the difference, moreover,
Between moverploverDover.
   Leechesbreecheswiseprecise,
   Chalice, but police and lice,

Camelconstableunstable,
Principledisciplelabel.
   Petalpenal, and canal,
   Waitsurmiseplaitpromisepal,

SuitsuiteruinCircuitconduit
Rhyme with “shirk it” and “beyond it”,
   But it is not hard to tell
   Why it’s pallmall, but Pall Mall.

Musclemusculargaoliron,
Timberclimberbullionlion,
   Worm and stormchaisechaoschair,
   Senatorspectatormayor,

Ivyprivyfamousclamour
Has the a of drachm and hammer.
   Pussyhussy and possess,
   Desert, but desertaddress.

Golfwolfcountenancelieutenants
Hoist in lieu of flags left pennants.
   Courier, courtier, tombbombcomb,
   Cow, but Cowper, some and home.

Solder, soldier! Blood is thicker“,
Quoth he, “than liqueur or liquor“,
   Making, it is sad but true,
   In bravado, much ado.

Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
   Pilot, pivot, gaunt, but aunt,
   Fontfrontwontwantgrand and grant.

Arsenic, specific, scenic,
Relic, rhetoric, hygienic.
   Gooseberry, goose, and close, but close,
   Paradise, rise, rose, and dose.

Say inveigh, neigh, but inveigle,
Make the latter rhyme with eagle.
   MindMeandering but mean,
   Valentine and magazine.

And I bet you, dear, a penny,
You say mani-(fold) like many,
   Which is wrong. Say rapier, pier,
   Tier (one who ties), but tier.

Arch, archangel; pray, does erring
Rhyme with herring or with stirring?
   Prison, bison, treasure trove,
   Treason, hover, cover, cove,

Perseverance, severanceRibald
Rhymes (but piebald doesn’t) with nibbled.
   Phaeton, paean, gnat, ghat, gnaw,
   Lien, psychic, shone, bone, pshaw.

Don’t be down, my own, but rough it,
And distinguish buffetbuffet;
   Brood, stood, roof, rook, school, wool, boon,
   Worcester, Boleyn, to impugn.

Say in sounds correct and sterling
Hearse, hear, hearken, year and yearling.
   Evil, devil, mezzotint,
   Mind the z! (A gentle hint.)

Now you need not pay attention
To such sounds as I don’t mention,
   Sounds like pores, pause, pours and paws,
   Rhyming with the pronoun yours;

Nor are proper names included,
Though I often heard, as you did,
   Funny rhymes to unicorn,
   Yes, you know them, Vaughan and Strachan.

No, my maiden, coy and comely,
I don’t want to speak of Cholmondeley.
   No. Yet Froude compared with proud
   Is no better than McLeod.

But mind trivial and vial,
Tripod, menial, denial,
   Troll and trolleyrealm and ream,
   Schedule, mischief, schism, and scheme.

Argil, gill, Argyll, gill. Surely
May be made to rhyme with Raleigh,
   But you’re not supposed to say
   Piquet rhymes with sobriquet.

Had this invalid invalid
Worthless documents? How pallid,
   How uncouth he, couchant, looked,
   When for Portsmouth I had booked!

Zeus, Thebes, Thales, Aphrodite,
Paramour, enamoured, flighty,
   Episodes, antipodes,
   Acquiesce, and obsequies.

Please don’t monkey with the geyser,
Don’t peel ‘taters with my razor,
   Rather say in accents pure:
   Nature, stature and mature.

Pious, impious, limb, climb, glumly,
Worsted, worsted, crumbly, dumbly,
   Conquer, conquest, vase, phase, fan,
   Wan, sedan and artisan.

The th will surely trouble you
More than rch or w.
   Say then these phonetic gems:
   Thomas, thyme, Theresa, Thames.

Thompson, Chatham, Waltham, Streatham,
There are more but I forget ’em
   Wait! I’ve got it: Anthony,
   Lighten your anxiety.

The archaic word albeit
Does not rhyme with eight-you see it;
   With and forthwith, one has voice,
   One has not, you make your choice.

Shoes, goes, does *. Now first say: finger;
Then say: singer, ginger, linger.
   Realzealmauve, gauze and gauge,
   Marriagefoliagemirageage,

Hero, heron, query, very,
Parry, tarry fury, bury,
   Dostlostpost, and dothclothloth,
   JobJobblossombosomoath.

Faugh, oppugnant, keen oppugners,
Bowingbowing, banjo-tuners
   Holm you know, but noes, canoes,
   Puisnetruismuse, to use?

Though the difference seems little,
We say actual, but victual,
   SeatsweatchastecasteLeigheightheight,
   Putnutgranite, and unite.

Reefer does not rhyme with deafer,
Feoffer does, and zephyrheifer.
   DullbullGeoffreyGeorgeatelate,
   Hintpintsenate, but sedate.

GaelicArabicpacific,
Scienceconsciencescientific;
   Tour, but our, dour, succourfour,
   Gasalas, and Arkansas.

Say manoeuvre, yacht and vomit,
Next omit, which differs from it
   Bona fide, alibi
   Gyrate, dowry and awry.

Seaideaguineaarea,
PsalmMaria, but malaria.
   Youthsouthsoutherncleanse and clean,
   Doctrineturpentinemarine.

Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion with battalion,
   Rally with allyyeaye,
   EyeIayayewheykeyquay!

Say aver, but everfever,
Neitherleisureskeinreceiver.
   Never guess-it is not safe,
   We say calvesvalveshalf, but Ralf.

Starry, granarycanary,
Crevice, but device, and eyrie,
   Face, but preface, then grimace,
   Phlegmphlegmaticassglassbass.

Basslargetargetgingiveverging,
Oughtoust, joust, and scour, but scourging;
   Ear, but earn; and ere and tear
   Do not rhyme with here but heir.

Mind the o of off and often
Which may be pronounced as orphan,
   With the sound of saw and sauce;
   Also soft, lost, cloth and cross.

Pudding, puddle, puttingPutting?
Yes: at golf it rhymes with shutting.
   Respite, spite, consent, resent.
   Liable, but Parliament.

Seven is right, but so is even,
HyphenroughennephewStephen,
   Monkeydonkeyclerk and jerk,
   Aspgraspwaspdemesnecorkwork.

A of valour, vapid vapour,
S of news (compare newspaper),
   G of gibbet, gibbon, gist,
   I of antichrist and grist,

Differ like diverse and divers,
Rivers, strivers, shivers, fivers.
   Once, but nonce, toll, doll, but roll,
   Polish, Polish, poll and poll.

Pronunciation-think of Psyche!-
Is a paling, stout and spiky.
   Won’t it make you lose your wits
   Writing groats and saying “grits”?

It’s a dark abyss or tunnel
Strewn with stones like rowlockgunwale,
   Islington, and Isle of Wight,
   Housewifeverdict and indict.

Don’t you think so, reader, rather,
Saying latherbatherfather?
   Finally, which rhymes with enough,
   Thoughthroughboughcoughhoughsough, tough??

Hiccough has the sound of sup
My advice is: GIVE IT UP!

Color Idioms and Phrases in English

 

Thanks to Stumbleupon, I discovered another great website which includes all the idioms and phrases related to different colors. This piece of information is created by Alan S. Kennedy and he listed all the idioms and phrases, language by language and color by color. You can find tens of languages on the web site but I paste here only the English ones because it is our common point. Since it is a project, I kind of tend to trust it more compared to bilingual online dictionaries 🙂 Maybe I am wrong, I do not know. You can also consult this website when you have a doubt while translating a phrase including colors. I am sure, you will find many idioms/phrases that surprise you. I learned many interesting stuff from this website. I hope you also like it and contribute with your comments. 

white noise

static noise

white as a sheet

scared, sick, surprised

white as a ghost

scared

white-collar

related to “desk jobs”

a white flag

surrender

to whitewash something

to mask the negative parts

white wine

wine from green or yellow grapes

a white Christmas

snow on Christmas day

a white wedding

a traditional western-style wedding where the bride wears a white gown

a white person

a person of Caucasian race

white-hot

extremely hot OR popular

a white paper

an authoritative report on a issue

a white elephant

a useless knick-knack OR an expensive, useless thing

white as the driven snow

innocent (often used sarcastically about corruption)

white with rage

extremely enraged

to bleed someone white

to take everything someone has, esp. money

showing the white feather

acting cowardly

a white-knuckle ride

a dangerous, nerve-wracking, scary ride

that’s mighty white of you (old-fashioned)

that’s good of you

lily-white

unmistakably Caucasian OR blameless, goodly

white horses (surfing)

patches of white foam made by breaking waves

white trash (American)

(offensive) uneducated, socio-economically disadvantaged Caucasian people

whiter than white (British)

righteous, innocent

a white pointer (Australian)

a topless female sunbather

to blackmail someone

to threaten to reveal secrets unless payment is made

black magic / the black arts

magic used for malevolent purposes

the pot calling the kettle black

someone criticizing someone else for a quality they themselves possess

the black market

illegal/underground sales and purchases

little black book

book of contacts, esp. past or potential dates

a black sheep

the outcast or disgrace in a group

black tie

formal clothing e.g. a tuxedo

black humor

jokes about death or illness

a black day

a day when something bad happens

to be in black and white

to be written down officially

to be black and white (a situation)

to be clear

in the black

profitable

a black mood

a bad, grumpy mood

a black eye

a bruised eye

to blacklist someone

to prevent someone from being hired

to blackball someone

to shut someone out from group participation

black and blue

bruised

a black look

an angry/disapproving facial expression

as black as night

very dark black

pitch black

very dark black

a black person

a person of African heritage

black ops

extralegal covert activity, done in the dark (military/politics)

black-hearted

cruel, evil, mean

a black mark

an indication of wrongdoing

to blacken someon’es name

to suggest/indicate a person’s wrongdoing

the Black Death

The Bubonic Plague

Black Friday (U.S.)

The day after American Thanksgiving when many stores have sales

the black dog (Irish)

a bad mood

beyond the black stump (Australian)

the back of nowhere, far from anything

in the red

unproftable OR negative financial balance, owing money

a redhead

a person with orange-colored hair

red light district

area with prostitutes

to see red

to be furious

red with rage

furious

to turn/go red

become embarassed

a red herring

a false clue

to paint the town red

to dine, dance, experience fun in a town or city

a red flag

a signal that something is wrong

roll out the red carpet

give a big welcome

red tape

unnecessary/excessive bureaucracy

not one red cent

no money at all

a red letter day

a special day

a scarlet woman

a sinful woman

scarlet fever

an infection with group A streptococcus bacteria.

red-hot

very hot OR very popular

red card

(soccer) to give someone their final warning

red alert

a serious warning of danger

a red-blooded male

a virile, manly male person

like a red rag/flag to a bull

provoking/aggravating anger

red (adjective)

communist

bleed red ink (British)

debt

red in tooth and claw (British)

the wild, violent aspect of the natural world

redshirting (U.S.)

delaying an athlete’s participation in sports order to lengthen his/her period of eligibility

a red state (U.S.)

a state whose residents are politically more Republican

a redneck (U.S.)

an uneducated, rural white American

a red-bone (U.S.)

a light-skinned black woman

the red eye (U.S.)

the overnight flight between west and east coast

green with envy

very envious

the green-eyed monster

jealousy

to give the green light

to give approval to proceed

to be green (in a position)

to be inexperienced, a rookie

to be green (policy)

to be environmentally aware

the green room

room in a theater or studio where guests/performers wait to go on

to turn green

to be naseous

green around the gills

sick-looking

a greenbelt

an area of nature around a city

greens

vegetables

a green

a golf course

a greengrocer

a person/store that sells vegetables & fruit

the grass is always greener on the other side

other people’s possessions/situations always seem better than your own

to greenwash something

to deceptively make practices/policies seem more environmentally friendly

little green men

stereotypical/humorous description of space aliens

as sure as God made little green apples

very certain

colorless green ideas sleep furiously

(Linguistics) Noam Chomsky’s oft-quoted example of a sentence with good grammar but no meaning

to have green fingers (British)

to be good with plants/gardens

to have a green thumb (U.S.)

to be good with plants/gardens

a greenie (Australian)

an environmentally aware person

a green card (U.S.)

legal residency staus

a greenhorn (U.S.)

an inexperienced or young person

greenbacks (U.S.)

dollars

yellow

cowardly

a yellow streak

cowardice

yellow-bellied

cowardly

yellow journalism

disreputable, sensationalistic journalism

a yellow card

(soccer) to give someone a first warning

the yellow peril

(offensive, archaic) the fear that Asian people will outnumber/displace Caucasian people

a yellow dog Democrat (U.S.)

a voter who always votes Democrat in every election

out of the blue

suddenly, unexpectedly

a bolt from the blue

a sudden/unexpected thing

to be blue

to be sad

a blue funk

a feeling of melancholy

the blues

sadness OR a 3 chord style of music

once in a blue moon

infrequently

blue-collar

related to manual labor or the working class

a blue blood

an aristocratic person

to talk a blue streak

to talk a lot

to turn blue

to have difficulty breathing

blue with cold

feeling very cold

until you’re blue in the face

having lost your patience

blue chip stock

stock of an established/finanically sound company

working blue

performing using foul language

a blue movie

a pornographic film

a blueprint (for something)

a design, a guide

true blue

faithful

blue on blue

in military: friendly fire

into the wide/wild blue yonder

to an unknown/faraway place

blue balls (lewd)

male sexual frustration due to unfulfilled sexual urges

to turn the air blue

to swear a lot

between the devil and the deep blue sea

a dilemma

the boys in blue

the police

the thin blue line

the police

a blue state (U.S.)

a state whose residents are politically more Democrat

a blue (British)

a Tory

to scream blue muder (British)

to express yourself angrily

a blue-eyed boy (British)

a male who can do no wrong, who is favored by authority

having a blue (Australian)

having a fight

make a blue (Australian)

make a mistake

a brown-noser

a sycophant

in a brown study

being contemplative; daydreaming

browned off (British)

annoyed

purple prose

flowery, romantic writing

born in the purple

born into a high ranking/aristocratic family

the Purple Heart (U.S.)

a U.S. military honor badge

a purple patch (British)

a period of exceptionally high achievement

agent orange

a defoliant used in herbicidal warfare

Orangemen (Irish)

Protestant fraternal organization

in the pink of health

very healthy

tickled pink

very pleased

a pinko

a communist

to see the world through rose-colored glasses

to see the world through an optimistic filter

rosy

positive, optimistic,

to get a pink slip

to be fired

the pink pound (British)

consumer spending by gay people

grey area

unclear

grey matter

the brain

to give someone grey hairs

to try someone’s patience

gray market

sale of products via nonstandard distribution channels or at an unofficial price

grey nomads (Australian)

retirees who travel around the country

the silver screen

the movies

a golden boy

a well-regarded, successful man

a golden handshake

monetary incentive to join a company

a golden parachute

money given to an executive leaving a company

golden ears

great listening ability to discern quality or commerciality

a golden shower (lewd)

urinating on a sexual partner

a golden mean

the desirable middle (between extremes of excess and deficiency)

off-color

inappropriate, crude

to show your true colors

to reveal your true self or feelings

a colorless person

a boring person

colorful (e.g. tale, history, life)

event-filled and interesting

colorful language

vivid or expletive-filled language

to pass with flying colors

to do very well

local color

having typical characteristics of the local area

color commentary

facts & comments about athletes during a broadcast

a horse of a different color

a completely different thing/idea

a country’s colors

the colors of a national flag

For other languages and for the rest of the list, click here.

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white noise

static noise

white as a sheet

scared, sick, surprised

white as a ghost

scared

white-collar

related to “desk jobs”

a white flag

surrender

to whitewash something

to mask the negative parts

white wine

wine from green or yellow grapes

a white Christmas

snow on Christmas day

a white wedding

a traditional western-style wedding where the bride wears a white gown

a white person

a person of Caucasian race

white-hot

extremely hot OR popular

a white paper

an authoritative report on a issue

a white elephant

a useless knick-knack OR an expensive, useless thing

white as the driven snow

innocent (often used sarcastically about corruption)

white with rage

extremely enraged

to bleed someone white

to take everything someone has, esp. money

showing the white feather

acting cowardly

a white-knuckle ride

a dangerous, nerve-wracking, scary ride

that’s mighty white of you (old-fashioned)

that’s good of you

lily-white

unmistakably Caucasian OR blameless, goodly

white horses (surfing)

patches of white foam made by breaking waves

white trash (American)

(offensive) uneducated, socio-economically disadvantaged Caucasian people

whiter than white (British)

righteous, innocent

a white pointer (Australian)

a topless female sunbather

to blackmail someone

to threaten to reveal secrets unless payment is made

black magic / the black arts

magic used for malevolent purposes

the pot calling the kettle black

someone criticizing someone else for a quality they themselves possess

the black market

illegal/underground sales and purchases

little black book

book of contacts, esp. past or potential dates

a black sheep

the outcast or disgrace in a group

black tie

formal clothing e.g. a tuxedo

black humor

jokes about death or illness

a black day

a day when something bad happens

to be in black and white

to be written down officially

to be black and white (a situation)

to be clear

in the black

profitable

a black mood

a bad, grumpy mood

a black eye

a bruised eye

to blacklist someone

to prevent someone from being hired

to blackball someone

to shut someone out from group participation

black and blue

bruised

a black look

an angry/disapproving facial expression

as black as night

very dark black

pitch black

very dark black

a black person

a person of African heritage

black ops

extralegal covert activity, done in the dark (military/politics)

black-hearted

cruel, evil, mean

a black mark

an indication of wrongdoing

to blacken someon’es name

to suggest/indicate a person’s wrongdoing

the Black Death

The Bubonic Plague

Black Friday (U.S.)

The day after American Thanksgiving when many stores have sales

the black dog (Irish)

a bad mood

beyond the black stump (Australian)

the back of nowhere, far from anything

in the red

unproftable OR negative financial balance, owing money

a redhead

a person with orange-colored hair

red light district

area with prostitutes

to see red

to be furious

red with rage

furious

to turn/go red

become embarassed

a red herring

a false clue

to paint the town red

to dine, dance, experience fun in a town or city

a red flag

a signal that something is wrong

roll out the red carpet

give a big welcome

red tape

unnecessary/excessive bureaucracy

not one red cent

no money at all

a red letter day

a special day

a scarlet woman

a sinful woman

scarlet fever

an infection with group A streptococcus bacteria.

red-hot

very hot OR very popular

red card

(soccer) to give someone their final warning

red alert

a serious warning of danger

a red-blooded male

a virile, manly male person

like a red rag/flag to a bull

provoking/aggravating anger

red (adjective)

communist

bleed red ink (British)

debt

red in tooth and claw (British)

the wild, violent aspect of the natural world

redshirting (U.S.)

delaying an athlete’s participation in sports order to lengthen his/her period of eligibility

a red state (U.S.)

a state whose residents are politically more Republican

a redneck (U.S.)

an uneducated, rural white American

a red-bone (U.S.)

a light-skinned black woman

the red eye (U.S.)

the overnight flight between west and east coast

green with envy

very envious

the green-eyed monster

jealousy

to give the green light

to give approval to proceed

to be green (in a position)

to be inexperienced, a rookie

to be green (policy)

to be environmentally aware

the green room

room in a theater or studio where guests/performers wait to go on

to turn green

to be naseous

green around the gills

sick-looking

a greenbelt

an area of nature around a city

greens

vegetables

a green

a golf course

a greengrocer

a person/store that sells vegetables & fruit

the grass is always greener on the other side

other people’s possessions/situations always seem better than your own

to greenwash something

to deceptively make practices/policies seem more environmentally friendly

little green men

stereotypical/humorous description of space aliens

as sure as God made little green apples

very certain

colorless green ideas sleep furiously

(Linguistics) Noam Chomsky’s oft-quoted example of a sentence with good grammar but no meaning

to have green fingers (British)

to be good with plants/gardens

to have a green thumb (U.S.)

to be good with plants/gardens

a greenie (Australian)

an environmentally aware person

a green card (U.S.)

legal residency staus

a greenhorn (U.S.)

an inexperienced or young person

greenbacks (U.S.)

dollars

yellow

cowardly

a yellow streak

cowardice

yellow-bellied

cowardly

yellow journalism

disreputable, sensationalistic journalism

a yellow card

(soccer) to give someone a first warning

the yellow peril

(offensive, archaic) the fear that Asian people will outnumber/displace Caucasian people

a yellow dog Democrat (U.S.)

a voter who always votes Democrat in every election

out of the blue

suddenly, unexpectedly

a bolt from the blue

a sudden/unexpected thing

to be blue

to be sad

a blue funk

a feeling of melancholy

the blues

sadness OR a 3 chord style of music

once in a blue moon

infrequently

blue-collar

related to manual labor or the working class

a blue blood

an aristocratic person

to talk a blue streak

to talk a lot

to turn blue

to have difficulty breathing

blue with cold

feeling very cold

until you’re blue in the face

having lost your patience

blue chip stock

stock of an established/finanically sound company

working blue

performing using foul language

a blue movie

a pornographic film

a blueprint (for something)

a design, a guide

true blue

faithful

blue on blue

in military: friendly fire

into the wide/wild blue yonder

to an unknown/faraway place

blue balls (lewd)

male sexual frustration due to unfulfilled sexual urges

to turn the air blue

to swear a lot

between the devil and the deep blue sea

a dilemma

the boys in blue

the police

the thin blue line

the police

a blue state (U.S.)

a state whose residents are politically more Democrat

a blue (British)

a Tory

to scream blue muder (British)

to express yourself angrily

a blue-eyed boy (British)

a male who can do no wrong, who is favored by authority

having a blue (Australian)

having a fight

make a blue (Australian)

make a mistake

a brown-noser

a sycophant

in a brown study

being contemplative; daydreaming

browned off (British)

annoyed

purple prose

flowery, romantic writing

born in the purple

born into a high ranking/aristocratic family

the Purple Heart (U.S.)

a U.S. military honor badge

a purple patch (British)

a period of exceptionally high achievement

agent orange

a defoliant used in herbicidal warfare

Orangemen (Irish)

Protestant fraternal organization

in the pink of health

very healthy

tickled pink

very pleased

a pinko

a communist

to see the world through rose-colored glasses

to see the world through an optimistic filter

rosy

positive, optimistic,

to get a pink slip

to be fired

the pink pound (British)

consumer spending by gay people

grey area

unclear

grey matter

the brain

to give someone grey hairs

to try someone’s patience

gray market

sale of products via nonstandard distribution channels or at an unofficial price

grey nomads (Australian)

retirees who travel around the country

the silver screen

the movies

a golden boy

a well-regarded, successful man

a golden handshake

monetary incentive to join a company

a golden parachute

money given to an executive leaving a company

golden ears

great listening ability to discern quality or commerciality

a golden shower (lewd)

urinating on a sexual partner

a golden mean

the desirable middle (between extremes of excess and deficiency)

off-color

inappropriate, crude

to show your true colors

to reveal your true self or feelings

a colorless person

a boring person

colorful (e.g. tale, history, life)

event-filled and interesting

colorful language

vivid or expletive-filled language

to pass with flying colors

to do very well

local color

having typical characteristics of the local area

color commentary

facts & comments about athletes during a broadcast

a horse of a different color

a completely different thing/idea

a country’s colors

the colors of a national flag

8 Exercises to Improve Your Memory

 

Although we can find the meaning of any word in seconds, it is quite handy to have a good vocabulary knowledge. When it comes to interpreting, knowing the words by heart is a must. We hardly have time to look up a word at the same time interpreting a sentence and still not losing our grip. While translating, we are kind of more flexible in terms of time but who does not want to finish a translation in a shorter time? I guess, if we know the words and concepts by heart, the time will get shorter. 

I remember memorizing pages of words in high school. In university, I memorized many words for the exams as well. However, as my brain gets loaded with new information everyday, I find it harder to memorize or recall the words. I have found some exercises to improve the memory. The source is a website called “learningmind”. There are also games and quizes about improving the memory if you are interested. I will do the exercises from now on. Do you want to try as well?

1. 5-10 minutes after you wake up count backwards from 100 to 1 as fast as you can.

2. Repeat the alphabet, finding a word for each letter. If you have forgotten a letter or can’t find a word, don’t stop. Pace is important.

3. Find twenty male and female names.

4. Select any letter of the alphabet and find twenty words starting with it.

5.Close your eyes and count to twenty.

6.You may learn poetry. The point is to do it gradually and regularly, constantly increasing volume of memorized text. You should like the poetry you learn. If you will learn it by force you are not going to achieve good results.

7. In the evening before going to bed, remember all the events of the day, watching them like a movie, in reverse order from the evening to the morning. You should try to remember as more details as you can. The main rule of this exercise is not to concentrate on negative events.

8. Make associations. You can try to memorize events, giving them associations. For example, while reading imagine walking down the street. Each word is a part of this street. So placing facts/words on the route you usually take to go to a supermarket, you can easily memorize them. Each time memorizing new information, take a new route.

Click here to see the source.

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For the Words That are on the Tip of Your Tongue!

Sometimes you know the concept of a word but you just cannot find the exact word. You know how a word starts and ends but you just cannot utter it. You know the word/phrase contains, let’s say, “free” but it just does not come to your mind… These all happen to me a lot… No more! I have just discovered this wonderful website: onelook.com!

Traditional dictionaries do not find all the words that are related to a certain concept but onelook does. It has too many options that I cannot explain them all here. The only thing I can say it will enrich my translations and it will help me tremendously while playing Scrabble because you can write like: “A word begins with “th” and ends with “ing”. There are four missing letters and you just type “????” instead of them:

Or if you want to find related words with “guitar”. All you need to do is writing “*:guitar” in the search box. You can also click on the search results to see the meaning:

You can do many more actions than these two:

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New Discovery For Language Lovers: Pronunciator!

Learning a language requires many things. After grasping the basic grammer, you have to learn many new words. Without the knowledge of a proper vocabulary, you are doomed to use dictionaries all the time, which makes it almost impossible to talk with a native speaker or to read a newspaper/book in the target language. The more words you know, the faster you talk or read. However, grammer and vocabulary together are not enough. You also need to listen and hear the exact pronunciaions.

Today, I was translating a text about Japanese poetry and I had to explain many Japanese terms in Turkish (the source text was English). In the source text, there was some Japanese text written in Latin alphabet. I wondered about their pronunciations and so I discovered this website. It is not that comprehensive, but it is quite satisfying for beginners. The url is: http://www.pronunciator.com!

There are 30 million lessons in 60 different languages on this website. It shows the image of the word and you also hear the exact pronunciation.

This website can relax you in your leisure time. Moreover, it may also satisfy your language curiosity to a certain extent.

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Animal Sounds in Different Languages

2 years ago, I went to Romania for an EU project. We were waiting for the shuttle outside the hostel and there was a stray dog that was watching us from a distance. One of my Romanian friends said something like “ham ham”, I am not sure now. It was a very interesting experience for me because since then I used to think that we all hear more or less the similar sounds when a dog barks. However, I searched this on the internet and I came up with very different and interesting results. For example in Korean, a dog’s bark sounds like “meong meong”. It sounds like a cat to me (as a Turkish native). You can find pages of animal sounds on the internet but I have found a very practical list on www.laits.utexas.edu and I’m pasting it here. I hope you enjoy my post. I think this piece of information can raise awareness and can be useful in our translations. Since this list does not include all the languages, if you think you have a different sound for any animal in your native language, feel free to share it here or on our Facebook page!

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Funniest Sign Language Interpreter

Although it is not “verbal” interpreting, this is a very funny video about sign language interpreting. It is also ironic in a way.

Many people who know two languages may think that interpreting is quite easy and interpreters do not need to put so much effort in their jobs. However, interpreters are like students; they have to do their homework before the conferences and meetings. They have to study terminology and the subject in general. That’s why they have a general knowledge of everything that they interpreted once 🙂

In this video, there is a similar situation. The guy who is trying to interpret what the woman says probably thinks that sign language interpreting is as easy as making some gestures. However, I am sure it requires great effort and study since body language is completely different from verbal languages.

I expect your comments after the video, especially the ones who are trained in sign language interpreting 🙂

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